The Century-Old Gender Battle!

The Century-Old Gender Battle

From 1911,the first International Womens Day,its been a long struggle to win voting rights,reproductive rights and contest elections

1910

More than 100 women from 17 countries unanimously vote at a conference in Copenhagen to establish an international womens day.It is celebrated for the first time the following year

1913

The suffragist movement gains momentum;activist Emily Davison dies 4 days after throwing herself under
King George Vs horse at the Epsom Derby

1914

Princess Eugenie Shakhovskaya of Russia becomes the first woman military pilot

1915

Helen Keller,who had been blind & deaf since she was 19 mts old,establishes the Helen Keller International Organization

1917

With World War I raging,women in Russia strike for Bread and Peace on International Womens Day,setting the stage for the Russian Revolution.Four days later,the czar abdicates & the provisional government grants women the right to vote

1920

The US ratifies the 19th Amendment granting women the right to vote,after many European countries did the same over the previous decade

1925

Gabrielle Coco Chanel introduces her signature little black dress,making female elegance simple & accessible to more social classes

1930

On May 5,the British pilot Amy Johnson takes off on her solo flight from England to Australia,the first by a woman

1935

Anthropologist Margaret Mead publishes Sex and Temperament in three Primitive Societies,challenging Western assumptions about gender relations

1944

France grants women the right to vote.Italy follows in 1945

1948

American Alice Coachmen becomes the first black woman to win a gold medal at the Olympics with her victory in the high jump at London Summer Games &

1949

French writer Simone de Beauvoir publishes the controversial influential Le Deuxieme Sexe (The Second Sex) which argues that society has branded women as inferior to men & outlines how women can shift the balance of power

1950

India grants women the right to vote

1953 Vijaya Lakshmi

Pandit becomes first woman to be elected as president of UN General Assembly

1955

On Dec 1,Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery,Alabama,sparking a wave of demonstrations that lead to the black civil rights movement in the US

1960

Siriamavo Bandaranaike of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) is elected the worlds first female prime minister

1963

Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova pilots Vostok 6 to become first woman in space

1967

The Abortion Act passes in Britain,effectively legalizing abortion under certain conditions

1975

Japanese mountaineer Junko Tabei becomes the first woman to reach the top of Mount Everest

1980

Vigdis Finnbogadottir becomes president of Iceland,the first woman in the world to become an elected president

1981 Sandra Day

OConnor is the 1st woman to become a justice on the US Supreme Court

1988

Benazir Bhutto becomes PM of Pakistan,the first woman to lead a Muslim country in modern history

2003

Iranian lawyer and human rights activist Shirin Ebadi is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize,becoming the first Muslim woman to receive the prize

2005

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf becomes Africas first elected female leader and the worlds first black female president when she wins the Liberian elections

2007

Hillary Clinton becomes the first woman to be considered a top candidate for the United States presidency

2010

Women achieve parity in the American work force,making up to half of all non-farm payroll jobs.They earn nearly 60% of the university degrees in the US & Europe

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